MOZART Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791).

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MOZART Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791).
autograph musical manuscript for the Serenade in D major K.185/167a, [1773]; 1 oblong leaf small in-4 (16.2 x 21.7 cm) recto and verso; in a midnight blue cloth flap folder with title in gilt letters on the upper cover. Interesting fragment of an early Serenade by Mozart. This Serenade (or rather Serenata to use Mozart's title) [called "Antretter"], for 2 flutes (or oboes), 2 horns, 2 trumpets and strings, was composed in Vienna in July-August 1773 - Mozart was 17 years old -, probably as a Finalmusik for the students of the University of Salzburg, probably commissioned to celebrate the end of his studies by Judas Thaddäus von Antretter (born in 1753), son of the chancellor of the Salzburg region, who was a friend of the Mozart family; it consists of 7 movements, to which must also be added as an introduction the March K.189/ In this charming work, the 2nd and 3rd movements, with their large solo violin part and their key of F major, form, as it were, Mozart's first violin concerto within the Serenade. The present sheet, numbered in pencil "45", presents the last 12 bars of the 2nd movement, Andante, in 3/4 time; the 1st page gives bars 66 to 70, the verso presents 7 bars (bars 66 to 77) quite different from the edition (Neue Mozart Ausgabe, IV, 12/2, pp. 88-89): after an organ point, a modulation linking to the reprise. On a 10-line paper (Tyson no. 31), Mozart drew a system of 8 staves, and noted in brown ink the eight parts, all active in this passage, and thus arranged: solo violin (or "Violino principale"), violin I, violin II, viola (alto), oboe I, oboe II, horns, bass. The complete manuscript of the Serenade was sold on 25-26 February 1975 by the firm of Stargardt in Marburg (Kat. 605, no. 808); it was subsequently dismembered; it consisted of 58 leaves, of which only 11 have been recorded by Alan Tyson (Mozart Wasserzeichen-Katalog, Neue Mozart Ausgabe, X/33, 1-2), who does not mention any of them for the Andante See also Neue Mozart Ausgabe, IV, 12/2, Band 3, Kritischer Bericht (1988), b/25-26. Discography: The Academy of Ancient Music, Jaap Schröder, Christopher Hogwood (L'Oiseau-Lyre, 1985)
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